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Interjections and Exclamations

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a. Interjections.

¡ay! ¡oh! ¡ah! oh! ah! alas! ouch!
¡ha! ha! eh!
¡hé! ¡huy! eh! oh! ouch!
¡ea! come! hurry!
¡hola! ¡ola! well! hello! ah!
¡bah! pshaw!
¡puf! ¡uf! oh! ugh!
¡pum! bang!

b. Exclamations and Exclamatory Phrases.


} goodness! goodness gracious! the deuce! jingo! great Scot! etc.
¡cielos! heavens!
} the deuce!


¡dios mío!
¡por dios!
¡válgame dios!
} dear me! goodness!
for heaven's sake!
God help me!
¡Jesús, María y José!
¡Ave María purísima!
} for heaven's sake! oh, heavens! God help me (us)!

The above exclamations are very common in Spanish and are not considered profane. In certain solemn and grave circumstances some of these exclamations could be translated into English literally.


¡anda!   pshaw! go away! come! please!
¡bravo! bravo!
¡calla! ¡cállese! keep still! wait!
¡cuidado! be careful! look out!
¡dale! the same old story!
¡oye! ¡oiga!
¡mira! ¡mire!
} say! listen! look here!
see here!
¡toma!   well! here!
¡vamos! come! well! let's go!
¡vaya! well! good! come! indeed!


¡ay de mí! poor me! alas for me!
¡desgraciado de él! woe to him!
¡bien haya de él! good for him!





Regular Present Indicative Endings of ar, er, ir verbs.
17. Negation.
24-26. Noun.
27. Possession
34. The Articles
42-45. Subject Pronouns
46. Nouns.
53. The Verb.
61-64. Adjectives
70-73. Apocopation of Adjectives
79. Irregular Verbs
80. Idiomatic Expressions
86. Irregular Past Absolute
95-96. The verbs: Ser and Estar
102-104. Future Indicative and Conditional
110-115. Formation Of The Participles
121-125. Idioms with Tener, Deber and Haber
131-133. Irregular Verbs:
139-140. Personal Pronouns
146-148. Two Object Pronouns
154-157. Prepositional Forms As Object Pronouns
163-168. Reflexive Verbs
174-178. Reflexive Verbs (Continued)
184-188. Gustar. Sí and No. Mismo.
194-195. Radical Changing Verbs.
201. Radical Changing Verbs (Continued)
207-211. Inceptive Verbs. Adverbs
216-220. Possessive Adjectives
226-228. Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns
236-239. Relative Pronouns
245-250. Interrogative Adjectives and Pronouns
256-265. Numbers. Numerical Expressions
270-272. Verbs With Orthographic Changes
278-279. The Seasons, Months, Days Of The Week, Etc.

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